Category Archives: Coos

Bracken Fern

Whenever they lived near the mouth of the river, in the bay, they had lots of food.      They had dried salmon,  and likewise (dried) fern roots, which they ate during the winter.              They … Continue reading

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Manzanita

Manzanita Hanis and Milluk Coos:  bi Galice Creek Athabaskan: tʌnʌ´sh Chasta Costa Athabaskan: tʌhʌ´sh Siletz Athabaskan: dee-nvsh The common manzanita of western Oregon is Arctostaphylos columbiana, and closely related to kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi).  It’s a member of the heath family … Continue reading

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Stinging Nettles

Photo courtesy US Forest Service Hanis Coos: walláq’as Milluk Coos: wálaq’as Siletz Athabaskan: xwutlh-chish Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is part  the nettle family, Urticaceae. This herb grows in moist, nitrogen rich soils. It can grow as tall as two meters, but … Continue reading

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Indigenous wine

A little over a year ago I wrote that the Coos people made a mildly alcoholic beverage called lə’əl by soaking dried blackberries in water and letting that ferment.  At that time it was the only reference I had found … Continue reading

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Wild Gooseberries

Tillamook: tasdík’us Hanis Coos: tax’wái, dɪlxáxa Upper Coquille: naltan Gooseberries and currants all belong to the genus Ribes. As a general rule, the difference between currants and gooseberries is that currant bushes tend to not be thorny, but gooseberry bushes … Continue reading

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Carnivorous Cobra Lily

Darlingtonia californica is the scientific name for a carnivorous plant commonly known as the cobra lily or pitcher plant that can be found along the coast from California to British Columbia. If you are interested in the weird biology of cobra … Continue reading

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Shore Lupine

The shore lupine, Lupinus littoralis, is in the pea family and is a common purple flowered plant that grows along the Oregon coast dunes. Hanis: ha’údɪt Milluk: ha’wadɪt Siuslaw: k’á’asa (Lower Umpqua), q’axc’ (Siuslaw) This plant was eaten by many coastal … Continue reading

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Black Huckleberries

Chinook Jargon: shot ‘úlalɪ Tillamook: sdzadzách’ Alsea: ɫkáq’a Siuslaw: táxxai, ch’eixan Hanis Coos: q’áxas (black); pasásɪya’wa (blue colored berries) Milluk Coos: q’as Upper Coquille: dashtl’æchuh The coastal black huckleberry, Vaccinium ovatum, were (and are) a popular food for Oregon coast … Continue reading

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Blackberries

Tillamook: berry kɪ nux; vines kɪnnúwɪx Alsea: ɫa’qat Siuslaw/Lower Umpqua:  ts’xát’aat’ Hanis Coos: berry wixaini, vines yaxdaná’aɫ  Milluk:  dzudzua Upper Coquille: daddzænnæs The native trailing blackberry is a tasty berry, ripe in July.  People seek them out today to make delicious pies … Continue reading

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Red Elderberries

Red elderberries, Sambucus racemosa, is one of several elderberry species in North America (other species having blue or black berries) and are in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae. Hanis Coos: mahá’wai Milluk Coos: txai Upper Coquille: ránsæ Tillamook: húkitu=the berries; húkitáwi=the bush … Continue reading

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